Leslie Labowitz & Suzanne Lacy, In Mourning and in Rage, 1977
Leslie Labowitz & Suzanne Lacy
In Mourning and in Rage

Suzanne Lacy is one of the feminist cultural pioneers in Los Angeles who exposed the hidden themes of violence against women in mainstream culture during the 1970s. Leslie Labowitz is an artist who studied in Los Angeles and in Germany, where she developed her early activist performance work with other women artists. Lacy and Labowitz collaborated for several years after 1977 (when Eleanor Antin introduced them), working on large-scale performances involving political lobbying, media intervention and grass roots organisation around the issue of violence against women.

In December 1977, the ‘Hillside Strangler’ was a news sensation in Los Angeles. But media coverage focused primarily on the randomness of the violence, and less on systematic violence against women, thus contributing to a climate of fear and superstition. In Mourning and in Rage was a media performance offering an alternative interpretation of the case-one that included a feminist analysis of violence. Participants from the Woman’s Building, the Rape Hotline Alliance and the City Council joined with the feminist community and victims’ families in creating a public ritual of rage and grief. The performance consisted of a motorcade of sixty women following a hearse to City Hall, where news media reporters waited. Ten tall women wearing black mourning robes climbed from the hearse. At the front steps of City Hall, the performers each spoke of a different form of violence against women, connecting these as part of a fabric of social consent for such crimes. After each of the ten performers spoke, the motorcade women, now surrounding the City Hall steps, yelled, “In memory of our sisters, we fight back!” The tenth woman, clothed in red, stepped forward to represent fighting back against all forms of violence.

Courtesy Suzanne Lacy & Leslie Labowitz

A
Ebtisam Abdulaziz
Marina Abramović
Helena Almeida
Eleanor Antin
Arahmaiani
Malin Arnell
Oreet Ashery
Augusta Atla
Margarita Azurdia
B
Antonia Baehr
Maja Bajević
Anne Bean
Anat Ben-David
Renate Bertlmann
Pauline Boudry & Renate Lorenz
Nisrine Boukhari
Marijs Boulogne
Tania Bruguera
Nancy Buchanan
Maris Bustamante
C
Cabello / Carceller
Shirley Cameron/ Monica Ross/ Evelyn Silver
Graciela Carnevale
Theresa Hak Kyung Cha
Helen Chadwick
Chicks on Speed
Lygia Clark
Mary Coble
Colette
Cooltūristės
Corpus Deleicti
Nieves Correa
Laura Cottingham
Lilibeth Cuenca Rasmussen
D
Katrina Daschner
Teresa María Díaz Nerio
Vlasta Delimar
Carola Dertnig
Disband
Ines Doujak
Orshi Drozdik
Yingmei Duan
Kirsten Dufour
E
Diamela Eltit
Rose English
VALIE EXPORT
F
F.F.F.F.
Factory of Found Clothes
Esther Ferrer
Les filles Föllen
Rose Finn-Kelcey
Angelika Fojtuch
Simone Forti
Coco Fusco
G
(e.) Twin Gabriel
Regina José Galindo
Anna Bella Geiger
Rimma Gerlovina and Valeriy Gerlovin
Patrycja German
Ghazel
Kate Gilmore
Trine Mee Sook Gleerup
H
Mona Hatoum
Lynn Hershman
High Heel Sisters
María Teresa Hincapié
Nan Hoover
I
Icelandic Love Corporation - Gjörningaklúbburinn
IngridRobertMwangiHutter
Sanja Iveković
J
Elżbieta Jabłońska
Françoise Janicot
Birgit Jürgenssen
Joan Jonas
Anne Jud
Kirsten Justesen
K
Kanonklubben
Line Skywalker Karlström
Tina Keane
Klonaris / Thomadaki
Bettina Knaup & Beatrice Ellen Stammer
Jakob Lena Knebl
Verica Kovacevska
Elena Kovylina
Katarzyna Kozyra
Christina Kubisch
Kvinder på Værtshus (Women down the pub)
Verena Kyselka
L
Nicola L
Latifa Laâbissi
Leslie Labowitz
Leslie Labowitz & Suzanne Lacy
Suzanne Lacy
Katalin Ladik
Sigalit Landau
Klara Lidén
Kalup Linzy
Natalia LL
Léa Lublin
M
Jumana Manna
Manon
MaraM
María Evelia Marmolejo
Muda Mathis
Dóra Maurer
Mónica Mayer
Ana Mendieta
Marta Minujín
Fina Miralles
Molly and me
Linda Montano
Charlotte Moorman
Teresa Murak
Sands Murray-Wassink
N
Narcissister
Rabbya Naseer & Hurmat Ul Ain
Senga Nengudi
Les Nyakes
O
Paulina Ołowska & Lucy McKenzie
Lorraine O’Grady
Hannah O’Shea
Funda Özgünaydin
Itziar Okariz
Yoko Ono
ORLAN
Tanja Ostojić
P
Gina Pane
Letícia Parente
Ewa Partum
Jillian Peña
Performance Saga
Friederike Pezold
Howardena Pindell
Adrian Piper
Mariuccia Pisani
Polvo de Gallina Negra
Pussy Riot
R
Yvonne Rainer
Eglė Rakauskaitė
Jytte Rex
Àngels Ribé
La Ribot
Jesusa Rodríguez / Liliana Felipe
Ulrike Rosenbach
Martha Rosler
Boryana Rossa
María Ruido
S
Raeda Saadeh
Andrea Saemann
Les Salonnières und Dr. Soley
Estíbaliz Sábada
Zorka Ságlová
Christine Schlegel
Cornelia Schleime
Carolee Schneemann
Schwarze Schokolade
Stefanie Seibold
Stefanie Seibold & Teresa María Díaz Nerio
Miriam Sharon
Bonnie Ora Sherk
Barbara T. Smith
Cornelia Sollfrank
Antonieta Sosa
Spiderwoman Theater
Annie M. Sprinkle
Gabriele Stötzer
Sandra Sterle
Annika Ström
Melati Suryodarmo
Anna Szwajgier/ Zorka Wollny
T
Jinoos Taghizadeh
Milica Tomić
Mare Tralla
Teresa Tyszkiewicz
U
Mierle Laderman Ukeles
V
Valie Export Society
Cecilia Vicuña
W
The Waitresses
Julita Wójcik
Faith Wilding
Hannah Wilke
Martha Wilson
Y
Nil Yalter
Yeni & Nan